Sperm Donors and Child Support
If a child was conceived through the use of a sperm donor, that person is generally required to pay child support if the mother asks for it. This is generally true whether or not he has a relationship with the child in the future. It is also generally true even if the donor and the baby’s mother sign an agreement specifying that he is not responsible for support.
Support Is Due After Establishing Paternity
In most states, a child’s mother only has to establish paternity to become eligible for child support payments. Establishing paternity may be done through blood or DNA testing that may be compelled by a judge in a formal court proceeding. However, paternity may also be established if the father acknowledges that his paternity. As a practical matter, the identity of the sperm donor is revealed to medical professionals when the sperm is donated. It may also be possible that the sperm donor and the mother are aware of each other before the baby is born.
A Mother May Choose Not to Pursue Child Support Payments
It is possible that the child’s mother may choose not to pursue child support payments from the sperm donor father. However, any mother who receives public services may be required to find the father and ask him for support before services will be provided. The father may also be held financially liable for services already provided to the mother. In some cases, the father may agree to make a lump sum payment to the mother in exchange for not pursuing long-term support.
Support Payments Are Used to Meet the Child’s Best Interest
When it comes to family law, a child’s best interest trumps all else regardless of the state of their relationship to each other or with the child. Child support payments are intended to help the parent care for the child and provide for its basic needs without the need to turn to public services. If a father doesn’t make support payments, he could go to jail or face other penalties even if he isn’t an active part of the child’s life.
A sperm donor may provide his or her sperm as an act of goodwill to help those who may not be in a position to have their own children. However, donors should consider that they may be considered the child’s legal parent, which means they are responsible financially for the child even if they are not there for the child physically or emotionally.