Vermont Adoption Information Laws
Who May Access Information
Citation: Ann. Stat. Tit. 1 5A, §§ 6-104; 6-105 Nonidentifying information is available to:
- The adoptive parent or legal guardian of an adopted person
- The adopted person who is age 18 or older or has been emancipated
- A deceased adopted person’s direct descendant who is age 18 or older, or a parent or guardian of a descendant who is under age 18
- The adopted person’s birth parent, grandparent, or sibling
Identifying information may be disclosed to:
- An adopted person who is age 18 or older or has been emancipated
- A deceased adopted person’s direct descendant who is age 18 or older or the parent or guardian of a direct descendant who is less than 18 years old
- The birth parent
- A birth sibling who is age1 8 or older
Access to Nonidentifying Information
Citation: Ann. Stat. Tit. 15A, §§ 6-104; 2-105
Any person listed above may request a detailed summary of any relevant report about the adopted person, the birth parents, and the adopted person’s genetic history, including the information required by § 2-105 of this title. This report shall exclude identifying information concerning an individual who has not signed a waiver of confidentiality. The report shall include all of the following nonidentifying information that is reasonably available about the child:
- A social and health history of the child
- Any physical, sexual, or emotional abuse known to have been suffered by the child
- Enrollment and performance in school, results of educational testing, and any special educational needs
- An account of the child’s past and existing relationship with any relative, foster parent, or other person
- A social and health history of the minor’s parents and extended family, including:
Health and genetic history, including any known hereditary condition or disease
Racial, ethnic, and religious background, and general physical description
Educational, vocational, athletic, artistic, or scientific achievement or interests
The existence of any other child of the parents
Mutual Access to Identifying Information Citation: Ann. Stat. Tit. 1 5A, §§ 6-105; 6-106
For adoptions finalized prior to 7-1 -1 986, the registry shall disclose identifying information if the birth parent has filed any kind of document that clearly indicates that he or she consents to such disclosure.
For adoptions finalized on or after 7-1 -1 986, the registry shall disclose identifying information without requiring the consent of the birth parent unless the birth parent has filed a request for nondisclosure in accordance with the provisions of § 6-106 of this title and has not withdrawn the request.
Identifying information about the adopted person shall be disclosed to the birth parent if the adoptive parent of the adopted person who is less than 18 years old consents to the disclosure. Identifying information about a deceased adopted person shall be disclosed to the birth parent or sibling upon request if the deceased adopted person’s
direct descendant is age 18 or older and consents to the disclosure; or the parent or guardian of a direct descendant who is less than 18 years old consents to the disclosure. Identifying information about a birth sibling shall be disclosed to the adopted person upon request if both the sibling and the adopted person are age 18 or older and the sibling consents to disclosure.
A birth parent may prevent disclosure of identifying information by filing a request for nondisclosure with the registry. A request for nondisclosure may be withdrawn by a birth parent at any time.
Access to Original Birth Certificate Citation: Ann. Stat. Tit. 15A, § 6-107
The original birth certificate may be released upon request to an adopted person who is age 18 or older and who has access to identifying information.
The original birth certificate is unsealed and becomes public record 99 years after the date of the adopted person’s birth.
Where the Information Can Be Located Vermont Adoption Registry